Science

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 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Old weapon, new target: Dasatinib against angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma...

Researchers from the University of Tsukuba have shown by in vivo experimentation on a mouse model that angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma is highly dependent on T-Cell Receptor Signaling. Further trials also suggest that dasatinib, by targeting the TCR pa...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Conspiracy beliefs could increase fringe political engagement, shows new study...

New research appearing in Social Psychological and Personality Science finds that when studying an average person, conspiracy beliefs lead to more willingness for engagement in 'non-normative' roles, like illegally blocking a public entryway, whil...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

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Taking a bite out of food waste: Scientists repurpose waste bread to feed microbes...

Food waste is a serious economic and environmental problem. Researchers have developed a protocol using waste bread as a medium to grow microorganisms for the fermented food industry. They tested more than 40 different kinds of growing conditions to find ...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

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Kids eat more calories in post-game snacks than they burn during the game...

A new study led by Brigham Young University public health researchers finds the number of calories kids consume from post-game snacks far exceeds the number of calories they actually burn playing in the game....

 2020-02-28 05:00 

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New platform for engineering ribosomes to 'cook new cuisines'...

Researchers have created a method for cell-free synthesis and evolution of new ribosomes that can specialize in the synthesis of functional materials and therapeutics....

 2020-02-28 05:00 

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Researchers announce progress in developing an accurate, noninvasive urine test for prostate cancer...

Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center have made significant progress toward development of a simple, noninvasive liquid biopsy test that detects prostate cancer from RNA and other specific metabolic chemicals in the urine....

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Inhalation therapy shows promise against pulmonary fibrosis in mice, rats...

A new study shows that lung stem cell secretions -- specifically exosomes and secretomes -- delivered via nebulizer, can help repair lung injuries due to multiple types of pulmonary fibrosis in mice and rats....

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Rare disease in children: the key role of a protein revealed...

Professor Stphane Lefranois, a researcher at the Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique (INRS), is working on Batten disease, a neurodegenerative genetic disease that primarily affects children. His research focuses on the most common form of the ...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

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Stress-relief substrate helps OLED stretch two-dimensionally?...

Highly functional and free-form displays are critical components to complete the technological prowess of wearable electronics, robotics, and human-machine interfaces. A KAIST team created stretchable OLEDs (Organic Light-Emitting Diodes) that are complia...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

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Deep-sea coral gardens discovered in the submarine canyons off south Western Australia...

Stunning 'gardens' of deep-sea corals have been discovered in the Bremer Canyon Marine Park by Australian and international scientists during an oceanographic expedition aboard Schmidt Ocean Institute's R/V Falkor....

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Clinical factors during pregnancy related to congenital cytomegalovirus infection...

A group led by researchers from Kobe University has illuminated clinical factors that are related to the occurrence of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in newborns. They revealed that fever or cold-like symptoms during pregnancy, and threatened ...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

SUWA: A hyperstable artificial protein that does not denature in high temperatures above 100C...

Successful development of a highly stable artificial protein that only denatures at 122 C. Named SUWA, the little protein nanobuliding block pillars are like the lumber poles used in the Onbashira Matsuri which are used to build the holy shrines of Suwa T...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

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Two sides of a coin: Our own immune cells damage the integrity of the blood-brain barrier...

Researchers have shown that microglia, a class of immune cells in the brain, regulate the permeability of the brain's protective barrier in response to systemic inflammation. During inflammation, microglia initially protect the barrier's integrity...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Asteroid impact enriches certain elements in seawater...

University of Tsukuba researchers found two processes immediately after the end-Cretaceous asteroid impact that likely supplied chalcophile elements to the ocean, i.e., impact heating and acid rain. The former produced iron oxides/hydroxides and released ...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

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Anomalies in structure of polyvalent metal melts explained...

Metals and their alloys are the main structural materials of modern civilization. The properties of metal melts are well studied. However, according to Anatoly Mokshin, one of the co-authors of the publication, Chair of the Department of Computational Phy...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Gene therapy generates new neurons to treat Huntington's disease...

Huntington's disease (HD) is a rare disease with chorea movement and caused by Huntingtin (Htt) gene mutation and neurodegeneration. A research group led by Dr. Gong Chen has developed a novel gene therapy to regenerate functional new neurons in mouse...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

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The enemy within: How a killer hijacked one of nature's oldest relationships...

Researchers have discovered how a notorious pathogen may have hijacked one of nature's most enduring mutual relationships....

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

How much does black carbon contribute to climate warming?...

Black carbon particles -- more commonly known as soot -- absorb heat in the atmosphere. For years, scientists have known that these particles are having an effect on Earth's warming climate, but measuring their exact effect has proved elusive....

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Discovering what makes durian stink...

Researchers at the Leibniz-Institute for Food Systems Biology at the Technical University of Munich (Leibniz-LSB@TUM) have confirmed the presence of the rare amino acid ethionine in a plant -- or more precisely, in the fruit of the durian tree. Despite it...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

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New state-of-the-MOF materials...

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are porous, crystalline materials that can trap compounds within their molecular cavities, giving them a wide range of applications in gas storage and separation, carbon capture, and in the catalysis of chemical reactions, ...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

A dam right across the North Sea...

A 475-km-long dam between the north of Scotland and the west of Norway and another one of 160 km between the west point of France and the southwest of England could protect more than 25 million Europeans against the consequences of an expected sea level r...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Sugar gets the red light from consumers in new study...

Researchers have found that sugar content is the most important factor for people when making healthy food choices -- overriding fat and salt....

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Tracking down the mystery of matter...

Researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI have measured a property of the neutron more precisely than ever before. In the process they found out that the elementary particle has a significantly smaller electric dipole moment than was previously assum...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Fast cars and chocolate bars: Bringing physics to the public...

Physics is more than black holes, quarks and dark matter. It plays an integral role in our daily lives, from understanding election interference to how we cook spaghetti. Science communicators at the 2020 American Physical Society March Meeting in Denver ...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

An iron-clad asteroid...

Mineralogists from Jena and Japan discover a previously unknown phenomenon in soil samples from the asteroid 'Itokawa': the surface of the celestial body is covered with tiny hair-shaped iron crystals. The team provides an explanation of how these...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

KIST develops biofuel production process in cooperation with North American researchers...

Biofuel is often touted as a clean fuel, but the fact that it is made using food sources is a major drawback. To address this issue, there has been continuous research on the development of second-generation biofuels using lignocellulosic biomass. The Kor...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Immunology: Tonsils as a testbed...

Biomedical researchers at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have isolated immune cells from human tonsils obtained following routine surgery, and used them to analyze aspects of the immune response and test the effects of anti-inflammatory a...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

The first Cell Atlas for the human Thymus...

For the first time, scientists from the VIB Center for Inflammation Research, Ghent University, The Wellcome Sanger Institute (UK), and Newcastle University (UK) have composed a complete map of the cells in the developing human thymus. This novel approach...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

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Cat food mystery foils diet study...

How a study aimed at assessing the wildlife impacts of domestic cats was foiled by the mysterious ingredients of cat food....

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Genetic signature boosts protein production during cell division...

A research team has uncovered a genetic signature that enables cells to adapt their protein production according to their state. The researchers of the University of Basel's Biozentrum report in Genome Biology that this newly discovered mechanism play...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

New tool aims to assist military logistics in evacuating noncombatants...

Researchers from the US Army and North Carolina State University have developed a computational model that can be used to expedite military operations aimed at evacuating noncombatants, disaster response or humanitarian relief....

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Study shows rapid sea level rise along Atlantic coast of North America in 18th century...

Sea levels along a stretch of the Atlantic coast of North America in the 18th century were rising almost as fast as in the 20th century, a new study has revealed....

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

DNA discovery can lead to new types of cancer drugs...

Researchers from the University of Copenhagen have discovered that our cells replicate their DNA much more loosely than previously thought. The new knowledge might be useful for developing novel treatments against aggressive forms of cancers....

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Advancing gene therapies: PIP pip hurray!...

A new compound has the potential to bind to DNA and activate genes, which could lead to new treatments for cancers and hereditary diseases. Zutao Yu, Ganesh Pandian Namasivayam, and Hiroshi Sugiyama of Kyoto University's Integrated Cell-Material Scien...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Paleontologists discover why the oceans are so diverse...

Slow, steady evolution in animal groups that contain many different ecological lifestyles has been a key buffer against extinction, the new research shows....

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

GPS for chromosomes: Reorganization of the genome during development...

The spatial arrangement of genetic material within the cell nucleus plays an important role in the development of an organism. A research team from the University of Basel, in collaboration with scientists from Harvard University, has developed a method t...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Actin filaments control the shape of the cell structure that divides plant cells...

A Japanese research group using microscopic video analysis provides deeper insight into the mechanics of plant cell division. Their analysis shows that actin filaments control the shape of cell structures, called phragmoplasts, that create the partition b...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Cartilage cells, chromosomes and DNA preserved in 75 million-year-old baby duck-billed dinosaur...

In a paper published online in National Science Review, an international team of scientists present evidence of fossilized cell nuclei and chromosomes within preserved cartilage in a baby duck-billed dinosaur. This dinosaur belongs to Hypacrosaurus and co...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Cancer mechanics: How physical cues influence cell migration, metastasis, and treatment...

New research on the tumor mechanical microenvironment will be presented at the 2020 American Physical Society March Meeting in Denver. Highlights include a study that looks at how the anisotropy of the extracellular matrix affects cancer cell migration, a...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Oncotarget | SLC25A32 sustains cancer cell proliferation by regulating flavin adenine nucleotide (FAD) metabolism...

Oncotarget Volume 11 Issue 8 reported that while it is known that cancer cells require one-carbon and FAD-dependent mitochondrial metabolism to sustain cell proliferation, the role of SLC25A32 in cancer cell growth remains unexplored....

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Containing methane and its contribution to global warming...

Methane is a gas that deserves more attention in the climate debate as it contributes to almost half of human-made global warming in the short-term. A new IIASA study shows that it is possible to significantly contribute to reduced global warming through ...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Outcomes of Florida law restricting opioid prescribing for acute pain...

Some states have enacted laws restricting opioid prescribing for the treatment of acute pain and this research letter assess the outcomes associated with Florida's restriction law....

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

How ACA associated with out-of-pocket spending by patients with traumatic injuries...

This observational study with nearly 6,300 patients who visited the emergency department or who were hospitalized for a traumatic injury examined how implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) was associated with out-of-pocket ...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Antioxidant supplements do not improve male fertility, NIH study suggests...

Antioxidant supplements do not improve semen quality among men with infertility, according to a new study supported by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development ....

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Scientists came up with nanoconcrete for casting under negative temperature conditions...

Engineers from Far Eastern Federal University Military training center (FEFU, Vladivostok, Russia) together with colleagues from RUDN University have developed concrete mixture with nano additives for monolithic construction up to ten stories high. The co...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

New study explains why superconductivity takes place in graphene...

Theoretical physicists take important step in development of high temperature superconductors....

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Tracking communication networks and the diffusion of information...

Tracking communication and movement in this hyperconnected world can seem overwhelming. People (and things) share information through countless platforms. Networks online and off both impact how people live their lives and interact with their surroundings...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Reconfigurable chiral microlaser by spontaneous symmetry breaking...

A team of researchers led by Professor Xiao Yun-Feng and Professor Gong Qihuang at Peking University has demonstrated a spontaneously symmetry-broken microlaser in an ultrahigh-Q WGM microcavity, exhibiting reconfigurable propagating directions of the chi...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Scientists discover three genes associated with fatal lung disease...

Researchers at the Universities of Leicester and Nottingham have discovered parts of the DNA that put some people at higher risk of an incurable lung disease called idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The findings are published in the American Journal of...

 2020-02-28 05:00 

EurekAlert

Highlighting product greenness may put consumers off buying...

New research suggests that companies looking to promote their latest environmentally friendly product should downplay its green credentials if they want consumers to buy it.By highlighting green attributes through advertising, in some situations firms ris...

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