Science

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 2022-05-20 00:28 

EurekAlert

Low-cost battery-like device absorbs CO2 emissions while it charges...

Researchers have developed a low-cost device that can selectively capture carbon dioxide gas while it charges. Then, when it discharges, the CO2 can be released in a controlled way and collected to be reused or disposed of responsibly....

 2022-05-20 00:28 

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World’s largest islet transplant program celebrates 20 years of changing lives for people with diabetes...

After 20 years of perfecting their technique, the team behind the largest islet cell transplant program in the world reports the procedure is a safe, reliable and life-changing treatment for people with hard-to-control diabetes.In results published in The...

 2022-05-20 00:28 

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How a cognitive bias is blocking the rise of electric cars...

What are the barriers to the adoption of electric cars? Although the main financial and technological obstacles have been removed, their market share still needs to increase. In a recent study, a team from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) investigated the...

 2022-05-20 00:28 

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Study shines light on longevity of COVID-19 immune response...

By uniting research from 8 cohorts across the U.S., a group of researchers has accelerated collection of data integral in answering questions about immune responses needed for long lasting protection from SARS-CoV-2. The description of the cohorts, the as...

 2022-05-20 00:28 

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Lost or extinct? Study finds the existence of more than 500 animal species remains uncertain...

An international study provides the first global evaluation of all terrestrial vertebrate species that have not been declared extinct and identifies more than 500 species considered to be 'lost'—those that haven't been seen by anyone in ...

 2022-05-20 00:28 

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Discovery of high-speed moving plasma turbulence for the first time in the world...

It is necessary to stably confine a high-temperature plasma for the achievement of a fusion power plant. A research group led by Assistant Professor Naoki Kenmochi at the National Institute for Fusion Science (NIFS), National Institutes of Natural Science...

 2022-05-20 00:28 

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Watch dolphins line up to self-medicate skin ailments at coral “clinics”...

If a human comes down with a rash, they might go to the doctor and come away with some ointment to put on it. Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins get skin conditions, too, but they come about their medication by queuing up nose-to-tail to rub themselves agai...

 2022-05-19 00:28 

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Rainforest trees may have been dying faster since the 1980s because of climate change - study...

Tropical trees in Australia's rainforests have been dying at double the previous rate since the 1980s, seemingly because of climate impacts, according to the findings of a long-term international study published today in the magazine Nature. This rese...

 2022-05-19 00:28 

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Penn Medicine study reveals imaging approach with potential to detect lung cancer earlier, at the cellular level...

Researchers at the Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania have found a way to identify lung cancer at the cellular level in real time during a biopsy, offering promise in the ability to detect the disease earlier and with more confidence...

 2022-05-19 00:28 

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Ruminating on our ruminations causes more depression...

Ruminative thinking can aggravate depression by feeding thought patterns that can be difficult to escape. Those thoughts can quickly lead to a self-reinforcing, negative cycle. A new study shows that metacognition can help....

 2022-05-19 00:28 

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Bronze Age funeral pyre in Northern Italy may have been used over generations, with cremated remains left in situ as part of complex funerary rituals...

Bronze Age funeral pyre in Northern Italy may have been used over generations, with cremated remains left in situ as part of complex funerary rituals...

 2022-05-19 00:28 

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Study shows family medicine physicians face many barriers to providing medical abortions...

A study by UC Davis Family Medicine Physician Na'amah Razon identified multiple barriers that family physicians navigate to provide abortion services to their patients. The barriers include lack of physician training and federal, state and institution...

 2022-05-19 00:28 

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Conservationists find high DDT and PCB contamination risk for critically endangered California coastal condors...

A new study has found contaminants, banned decades ago, are still imperiling critically endangered California condors. The condors may be at increased risk for reproductive impairment because they consume dead marine mammals along the California coast....

 2022-05-19 00:28 

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Quantifying the live microbes on your plate...

A first step toward understanding the role of dietary microbes in health is to quantify the number of live microorganisms we consume today in our diets, through foods as well as probiotic supplements. A group of scientists has completed the first large-sc...

 2022-05-18 00:28 

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New material developed at University of Limerick, Ireland can ‘capture toxic pollutants from air’...

Researchers at University of Limerick have developed a new material that has the ability to capture toxic chemicals from the air....

 2022-05-18 00:28 

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First animals developed complex ecosystems before the Cambrian explosion...

Early animals formed complex ecological communities more than 550 million years ago, setting the evolutionary stage for the Cambrian explosion, according to a study by Rebecca Eden, Emily Mitchell, and colleagues at the University of Cambridge, UK, publis...

 2022-05-18 00:28 

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Alternative to open heart surgery just as effective for patients with common heart condition...

A study led by researchers at the National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) Leicester Biomedical Research Centre has shown that a less invasive heart procedure for a common condition is just as effective as conventional open-heart surgery. Th...

 2022-05-18 00:28 

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How social media posts could affect credit scores...

Traditional credit scoring is based on a person's demonstrated ability to take on debt and pay it off. But with the dawn of larger data pools and access to more sophisticated modeling programs, lenders and credit agencies are taking more nonfinancial ...

 2022-05-18 00:28 

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Protein linked to intellectual disability has complex role...

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified a previously unknown function for the fragile X protein, the loss of which is the leading inherited cause of intellectual disability. The researchers showed that the prot...

 2022-05-18 00:28 

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Concussion symptoms in children may have multiple underlying causes...

Different types of brain damage caused by a concussion may lead to similar symptoms in children, according to research led by McGill University. A new way of studying concussions could help develop future treatments....

 2022-05-18 00:28 

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Scientists see signs of traumatic brain injury in headbutting muskox...

Scientists at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai saw for the first time hallmarks of concussions and other head trauma in the brains of deceased headbutting animals—muskoxen and bighorn sheep. The results published in the journal Acta Neuro...

 2022-05-17 00:27 

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Nearly 700,000 US hospitalizations and 110,000 deaths prevented from the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine, national study finds...

The profound health and economic impact of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine during its first year of rollout in the US is described in detail in a new study in the peer-reviewed Journal of Medical Economics....

 2022-05-17 00:27 

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Policymakers underestimate methane’s climate and air quality impacts...

Methane emissions have been increasing rapidly in recent years, contributing significantly to global warming. Despite this, methane is not adequately treated within existing national and international governance frameworks. Researchers at the Institute fo...

 2022-05-17 00:27 

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WCS scientists provide more than 50K camera trap images for massive study on Amazon wildlife...

WCS scientists working in the vast Amazon Basin have contributed more than 57,000 camera trap images for a new study published in the journal Ecology by an international team of 120 research institutions....

 2022-05-17 00:27 

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Komodo National Park is home to some of the world’s largest manta ray aggregations, new study shows...

With the help of citizen science and dive operators, 1,085 individual manta rays were identified in Komodo National Park, Indonesia, by their unique belly patterns from 2013 to 2018 (5 years)Some manta rays moved around the park and others as far as the N...

 2022-05-17 00:27 

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Amazon deforestation threatens newly discovered fish species in Brazil...

Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History researcher Murilo Pastana and his colleagues have discovered and described two new species of Amazonian fish—one with striking red-orange fins and the other so small it is technically considered a...

 2022-05-17 00:27 

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Study: Deaths from alcohol use disorder surged during pandemic...

Deaths involving alcohol use disorder increased dramatically during the pandemic, according to a new study by Cedars-Sinai investigators. The study also found that young adults 25 to 44 years old experienced the steepest upward trend in alcohol use disord...

 2022-05-17 00:27 

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New method melds data to make a 3-D map of cells’ activities...

Princeton engineers are using a cell's surroundings to help biologists make more sense of gene expression information. Their new system could open the door to identifying rare cell types and choosing cancer treatment options with new precision....

 2022-05-13 18:27 

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Humans may have evolved to show signs of stress to evoke support from others...

Showing signs of stress could make us more likeable and prompt others to act more positively towards us, according to a new study by scientists at Nottingham Trent University and the University of Portsmouth....

 2022-05-13 18:27 

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The role of variability: From playing tennis to learning language...

The effect of variability on learning is recognised in many fields: learning is harder when input is variable, but variability leads to better generalization of the knowledge we learned. In this review, researchers from the Max Planck Institute of Psychol...

 2022-05-13 18:27 

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Federal subsidies kept COVID-strapped hospitals financially stable in 2020, first year of pandemic...

The study found that in pre-pandemic period, hospitals overall lost an average of $1 for every $100 earned from patient care activities, leading to an operating margin of negative 1 percent....

 2022-05-13 18:27 

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Astronomers reveal first image of the black hole at the heart of our galaxy...

Astronomers have unveiled the first image of the supermassive black hole at the centre of our own Milky Way galaxy. This result provides overwhelming evidence that the object is indeed a black hole and yields valuable clues about the workings of such gian...

 2022-05-13 18:27 

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As drug overdose deaths climb, experts assess strategies to stem the tide...

As the country faces the 'fourth wave' of the opioid epidemic driven by the use of deadly synthetic opioids, stimulants, and the use of multiple substances in combination overdose deaths continue to climb. The University of Rochester is hosting th...

 2022-05-13 18:27 

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New study indicates limited water circulation late in the history of Mars...

A research team led by Lund University in Sweden has investigated a meteorite from Mars using neutron and X-ray tomography. The technology, which will probably be used when NASA examines samples from the Red Planet in 2030, showed that the meteorite had l...

 2022-05-13 18:27 

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Once upon a barbeque-time…Think twice before you start...

The atmosphere that surrounds us is much more complex than we think. Among the well-known nitrogen, oxygen, and traces of other gases, it also contains far more harmful compounds than we can even imagine. Where do they come from? Indeed, their presence is...

 2022-05-13 00:27 

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Unusually fast beaked whale has special deep-sea hunting strategy...

An international team of biologists has successfully used biologgers to reveal insights into the lifestyle and hunting behaviour of the little-known species Sowerby's beaked whale. The team's first results show that these dolphins have a surprisin...

 2022-05-13 00:27 

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Vaccine for rare but deadly mosquito-borne viruses shows promise in clinical trial...

A vaccine for eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV), western equine encephalitis virus (WEEV), and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) was found to be safe, well-tolerated and induced a neutralizing antibody response in adult volunteers, accord...

 2022-05-13 00:27 

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The genetic origins of the world’s first farmers clarified...

The genetic origins of the first agriculturalists in the Neolithic period long seemed to lie in the Near East. A new study published in the journal Cell shows that the first farmers actually represented a mixture of Ice Age hunter-gatherer groups, spread ...

 2022-05-13 00:27 

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Astronomers reveal first image of the black hole at the heart of our galaxy...

Today, at simultaneous press conferences around the world, including at the European Southern Observatory (ESO) headquarters in Germany, astronomers have unveiled the first image of the supermassive black hole at the centre of our own Milky Way galaxy. Th...

 2022-05-13 00:27 

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Prepare for the next supply chain disruption...

Researchers at the Complexity Science Hub Vienna created a complete representation of Hungary's economy based on VAT data. They mapped the entire country's production network, including literally all of the relevant firms and all of the supply rel...

 2022-05-13 00:27 

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Mind the gap: Space inside eggs steers first few steps of life...

Imagine sitting at a meeting where the shape of the table and your place at it might impact how you get along with the other members. Cells also communicate with their nearest neighbors, and in embryos, nothing is left to chance in the 'seating plan&#...

 2022-05-13 00:27 

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An algorithm trained to detect unhappiness on social networks...

We spend a substantial amount of our time sharing images, videos or thoughts on social networks such as Instagram, Facebook and Twitter. Now, a group of researchers from the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC) has developed an algorithm that aims to hel...

 2022-05-12 00:26 

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A brain circuit in the thalamus helps us hold information in mind...

MIT researchers have identified a circuit in the anterior thalamus that is necessary for remembering how to navigate a maze. This region could offer a promising target for treatments that could help reverse memory loss in older people, without affecting o...

 2022-05-12 00:26 

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Life after death for the human eye: Vision scientists revive light-sensing cells in organ donor eyes...

Scientists have revived light-sensing neuron cells in organ donor eyes and restored communication between them as part of a series of discoveries that stand to transform brain and vision research. Billions of neurons in the central nervous system transmit...

 2022-05-12 00:26 

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World “at a crossroads” in management of droughts, up 29% in a generation and worsening: UN...

"Drought In Numbers, 2022," released today to mark Drought Day at UNCCD's 15th Conference of Parties (COP15, 9-20 May in Abidjan, Cte d'Ivoire) calls for making a full global commitment to drought preparedness and resilience in all global ...

 2022-05-12 00:26 

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Researchers reveal the origin story for carbon-12, a building block for life...

After running simulations on the world's most powerful supercomputer, an international team of researchers has developed a theory for the nuclear structure and origin of carbon-12, the stuff of life. The theory favors the production of carbon-12 in th...

 2022-05-12 00:26 

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Rising income inequality linked to Americans’ declining health...

Rising levels of income inequality in the United States may be one reason that the health of Americans has been declining in recent decades, new research suggests....

 2022-05-12 00:26 

EurekAlert

Designer neurons offer new hope for treatment of Parkinson’s disease...

In new research, Jeffrey Kordower and his colleagues describe a process for converting non-neuronal cells into functioning neurons able to take up residence in the brain, send out their fibrous branches across neural tissue, form synapses, dispense dopami...

 2022-05-12 00:26 

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Ancient microorganisms found in halite may have implications for search for life...

Primary fluid inclusions in bedded halite from the 830-million-year-old Browne Formation of central Australia contain organic solids and liquids, as documented with transmitted light and UV-vis petrography. These objects are consistent in size, shape, and...

 2022-05-11 00:26 

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Climate change is pushing the pine beauty moth northward 50 years ahead of earlier predictions...

In Finland, climate change is causing the pine pest Panolis flammea, or pine beauty moth, to shift its range northward 50 years ahead of predictions. Changes in both the distribution and size of the pine beauty moth population are linked to higher tempera...

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