Science

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 2021-01-28 14:12 

ScienceDaily.com

Crunch! Underwater acoustics expose 'shell-crushing' sounds in a large marine predator...

'Shell-crushing,' an explosive sound, occurs when marine animals crack open hard shells like clams to eat the edible tissue. There hasn't been any data to support this feeding noise, until now. A study is first to quantify these sounds using u...

 2021-01-28 14:12 

ScienceDaily.com

Eyes reveal life history of fish...

If you look deep into the eyes of a fish, it will tell you its life story. Scientists demonstrate that they can use stable isotopic analysis of the eye lenses of freshwater fish -- including threatened and endangered salmon -- to reveal a fish's life ...

 2021-01-27 22:18 

ScienceDaily.com

Can large fluid-filled spaces in the brain help identify those at risk of dementia?...

People with enlarged fluid-filled spaces in the brain around small blood vessels may be more likely to develop cognitive problems and dementia over time than people without these enlarged spaces, according to a new study....

 2021-01-27 20:25 

ScienceDaily.com

Cell death shines a light on the origins of complex life...

Organelles continue to thrive after the cells within which they exist die, scientists have found, overturning previous assumptions that organelles decay too quickly to be fossilized....

 2021-01-27 20:25 

ScienceDaily.com

Study reveals precarious employment on the rise long before COVID-19...

Researchers have used a new approach to measure precarious, or low-quality, employment in the United States. And, according to those findings, precarious employment has increased 9 percent between 1988 and 2016....

 2021-01-27 19:01 

ScienceDaily.com

Purported phosphine on Venus more likely to be ordinary sulfur dioxide...

Astronomers revisited and comprehensively reinterpreted the radio telescope observations underlying a widely reported 2019 claim that phosphine gas was present in the atmosphere of Venus. In a paper accepted to the Astrophysical Journal, they report that ...

 2021-01-27 19:01 

ScienceDaily.com

Up-trending farming and landscape disruptions threaten Paris climate agreement goals...

Earth system science researchers conducted an analysis of greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture and land use since 1961, finding some opportunities for mitigation as well as areas where curtailment will require sacrifices....

 2021-01-27 19:01 

ScienceDaily.com

T cells can mount attacks against many SARS-CoV-2 targets -- even on new virus variant...

A new study suggests that T cells try to fight SARS-CoV-2 by targeting a broad range of sites on the virus -- beyond the key sites on the virus's spike protein. By attacking the virus from many angles, the body has the tools to potentially recognize d...

 2021-01-27 19:01 

ScienceDaily.com

Diving into Devonian seas: Ancient marine faunas unlock secrets of warming oceans...

Paleontologists use ancient marine faunas to test long-term changes in our warming oceans....

 2021-01-27 19:01 

ScienceDaily.com

How heavy is dark matter? Scientists radically narrow the potential mass range for the first time...

Scientists have calculated the mass range for Dark Matter - and it's tighter than the science world thought....

 2021-01-27 19:00 

ScienceDaily.com

Mira's last journey: Exploring the dark universe...

Scientists used a supercomputer to perform one of the five largest cosmological simulations ever -- the Last Journey. This simulation will provide crucial data for sky maps to aid leading cosmological experiments....

 2021-01-27 17:24 

ScienceDaily.com

Geological phenomenon widening the Atlantic Ocean...

An upsurge of matter from deep beneath the Earth's crust could be pushing the continents of North and South America further apart from Europe and Africa, new research has found....

 2021-01-27 17:24 

ScienceDaily.com

Key switchgrass genes identified, which could mean better biofuels ahead...

Biologists believe they are one step closer to a long-held goal of making a cheap, widely available plant a source for energy and fuel, meaning one of the next big weapons in the battle against climate change may be able to trace its roots to the side of ...

 2021-01-27 17:24 

ScienceDaily.com

Researchers use car collisions with deer to study mysterious animal-population phenomena...

By parsing data on weather, deer populations and deer-vehicle collisions in Wisconsin, investigators show spatial synchrony could be driving population cycles, rather than the reverse....

 2021-01-27 17:24 

ScienceDaily.com

Carbon: Getting to net zero -- and even net negative -- is surprisingly feasible, and affordable...

Reaching zero net emissions of carbon dioxide from energy and industry by 2050 can be accomplished by rebuilding U.S. energy infrastructure to run primarily on renewable energy, at a net cost of about $1 per person per day, according to new research....

 2021-01-27 17:23 

ScienceDaily.com

More than just CO2: It's time to tackle short-lived climate-forcing pollutants...

Climate change mitigation is about more than just CO2. So-called 'short-lived climate-forcing pollutants' such as soot, methane, and tropospheric ozone all have harmful effects. Climate policy should be guided by a clearer understanding of their d...

 2021-01-27 14:32 

ScienceDaily.com

Newly discovered fossil, likely subaqueous insect...

A newly discovered trace fossil of an ancient burrow has been discovered. The fossil has an important role to play in gauging how salty ancient bodies of water were, putting together a clearer picture of our planet's past....

 2021-01-27 14:32 

ScienceDaily.com

Smart algorithm cleans up images by searching for clues buried in noise...

Researchers have unveiled a machine learning-based algorithm that can reduce graininess in low-resolution images and reveal new details that were otherwise buried within the noise....

 2021-01-27 13:52 

ScienceDaily.com

Ancient proteins help track early milk drinking in Africa...

Got milk? The 1990s ad campaign highlighted the importance of milk for health and wellbeing, but when did we start drinking the milk of other animals? And how did the practice spread? A new study led by scientists from Germany and Kenya highlights the cri...

 2021-01-27 13:52 

ScienceDaily.com

Genome-editing tool TALEN outperforms CRISPR-Cas9 in tightly packed DNA...

Researchers used single-molecule imaging to compare the genome-editing tools CRISPR-Cas9 and TALEN. Their experiments revealed that TALEN is up to five times more efficient than CRISPR-Cas9 in parts of the genome, called heterochromatin, that are densely ...

 2021-01-27 13:52 

ScienceDaily.com

Carbon-chomping soil bacteria may pose hidden climate risk...

Much of the earth's carbon is trapped in soil, and scientists have assumed that potential climate-warming compounds would safely stay there for centuries. But new research shows that carbon molecules can potentially escape the soil much faster than pr...

 2021-01-27 13:52 

ScienceDaily.com

Harpy eagles could be under greater threat than previously thought...

New research suggests estimates of the species' current distribution are potentially overestimating range size....

 2021-01-27 13:52 

ScienceDaily.com

Pace of prehistoric human innovation could be revealed by 'linguistic thermometer'...

A physics professor has joined forces with language experts to build a 'linguistic thermometer' that can record the temperature of 'hot' or 'cold' (ie fast or slow) developments in modern linguistic features to create a computer-ba...

 2021-01-27 13:52 

ScienceDaily.com

Ancient indigenous New Mexican community knew how to sustainably coexist with wildfire...

Wildfires are the enemy when they threaten homes in California and elsewhere. But a new study suggests that people living in fire-prone places can learn to manage fire as an ally to prevent dangerous blazes, just like people who lived nearly 1,000 years a...

 2021-01-27 13:52 

ScienceDaily.com

Novel compound may help develop diabetes drugs...

A study has identified a new compound that might serve as a basis for developing a new class of drugs for diabetes....

 2021-01-27 13:52 

ScienceDaily.com

Cell 'bones' mystery solved with supercomputers...

Supercomputer simulations allocated by XSEDE on TACC's Stampede2 have helped solve the mystery of how actin filaments polymerize. Researchers employed all-atom molecular dynamics to show structural basis for polymerization kinetics at polarized ends o...

 2021-01-27 13:49 

ScienceDaily.com

A compound that slows bone loss, and a resource for developing treatments to slow aging...

A compound that extends lifespan in a tiny nematode worm slows bone loss in aging mice. That surprising result comes from a longitudinal and functional study of 700 aging mice, a project that provides a treasure trove of data for researchers aiming to dev...

 2021-01-27 13:39 

ScienceDaily.com

New light shed on behavior of giant carnivorous dinosaur Spinosaurus...

New research has reignited the debate around the behavior of the giant dinosaur Spinosaurus....

 2021-01-27 00:22 

ScienceDaily.com

Solar material can 'self-heal' imperfections...

A material that can be used in technologies such as solar power has been found to self-heal, a new study shows....

 2021-01-27 00:22 

ScienceDaily.com

Hypertension symptoms in women often mistaken for menopause...

Pregnancy complications and early menopause increase women's future risk of heart disease. Cardiologists, gynaecologists and endocrinologists recommend how to help middle-aged women prevent later heart problems....

 2021-01-26 22:16 

ScienceDaily.com

Fixing global biodiversity policy: Avoiding repeating old mistakes...

Global goals for biodiversity must apply to all member states of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) also at national level. This is one of four recommendations for improving the global strategy for biodiversity. The researchers analyze why th...

 2021-01-26 22:16 

ScienceDaily.com

Compelling evidence of neutrino process opens physics possibilities...

The COHERENT particle physics experiment has firmly established the existence of a new kind of neutrino interaction. Because neutrinos are electrically neutral and interact only weakly with matter, the quest to observe this interaction drove advances in d...

 2021-01-26 22:16 

ScienceDaily.com

When push comes to shove, what counts as a fight?...

Biologists often study animal sociality by collecting observations about behavioral interactions. These interactions can be things like severe or minor fights, cooperative food sharing or grooming. But to analyze animal behavior, researchers need to make ...

 2021-01-26 22:16 

ScienceDaily.com

AI used to predict early symptoms of schizophrenia in relatives of patients...

Researchers have taken a step forward in developing an artificial intelligence tool to predict schizophrenia by analyzing brain scans. The tool was used to analyze functional magnetic resonance images of 57 healthy first-degree relatives (siblings or chil...

 2021-01-26 22:16 

ScienceDaily.com

Southern Africa's most endangered shark just extended its range by 2,000 kilometers...

A team of marine scientists has confirmed that southern Africa's most threatened endemic shark - the Critically Endangered shorttail nurse shark (Pseudoginglymostoma brevicaudatum) - has been found to occur in Mozambique; a finding that represents a r...

 2021-01-26 22:16 

ScienceDaily.com

Melatonin is effective against polycystic kidney disease...

Melatonin, a hormone commonly associated with sleep-wake regulation, has been found to reduce cysts in fruit flies, according to researchers. It's a finding that may affect the way we treat some kidney diseases and reduce the need for kidney transplan...

 2021-01-26 22:16 

ScienceDaily.com

Satellite data reveals bonds between emissions, pollution and economy...

Burning fossil fuels has long powered world economies while contributing to air pollution and the buildup of greenhouse gases. A new analysis of nearly two decades of satellite data shows that economic development, fossil-fuel combustion and air quality a...

 2021-01-26 22:16 

ScienceDaily.com

Two anti-viral enzymes transform pre-leukemia stem cells into leukemia...

Viral infections and space travel similarly trigger inflammation and the enzymes APOBEC3C and ADAR1; researchers are developing ways to inhibit them as a means to potentially lower cancer risk for both astronauts and people on Earth....

 2021-01-26 22:16 

ScienceDaily.com

Researchers simplify the study of gene-environment interactions...

Researchers have developed a new computational method for studying genetic and environmental interactions and how they influence disease risk....

 2021-01-26 22:16 

ScienceDaily.com

Ocean toxin a heartbreaking threat for sea otters...

Heart disease is a killer threat for southern sea otters feasting on domoic acid in their food web. Climate change projections indicate that toxic blooms and domoic acid exposure will continue to rise....

 2021-01-26 22:16 

ScienceDaily.com

The dangers of drugged driving are outpacing drunk driving...

A recent study of drugged driving shows that a sizable percentage of individuals reported the use of marijuana and other illicit drugs while operating behind the wheel....

 2021-01-26 19:01 

ScienceDaily.com

Hospital worker flu shots could mean fewer early deaths...

Research shows that state laws promoting flu vaccinations for hospital workers can substantially reduce the number of influenza-related deaths....

 2021-01-26 19:01 

ScienceDaily.com

Invasive mussels now control a key nutrient in the American Great Lakes...

The spread of quagga mussels across the American Great Lakes has transformed the supply of phosphorus - a key biological nutrient - to the ecosystem....

 2021-01-26 19:01 

ScienceDaily.com

Genetically-modified mosquitoes key to stopping Zika virus spread...

In 2016, the World Health Organization called the Zika virus epidemic a 'public health emergency of international concern' due to the virus causing birth defects for pregnant women in addition to neurological problems....

 2021-01-26 19:00 

ScienceDaily.com

Metamaterial tiles boost sensitivity of large telescopes...

A multi-institutional group of researchers has developed new metamaterial tiles that will help improve the sensitivity of telescopes being built at the preeminent Simons Observatory in Chile....

 2021-01-26 19:00 

ScienceDaily.com

Anonymous cell phone data can quantify behavioral changes for flu-like illnesses...

New method could potentially provide a useful tool to help monitor and control infectious diseases outbreaks, without comprising privacy....

 2021-01-26 19:00 

ScienceDaily.com

Building a corn cob; cell by cell, gene by gene...

Scientists analyzed where and when thousands of genes are activated in baby corn. This allowed them to build an anatomical map of important developmental genes that can be manipulated to improve crop yield and resilience....

 2021-01-26 19:00 

ScienceDaily.com

Scientists identify flank instability at a volcano with history of collapse...

Landslides caused by the collapse of unstable volcanoes are one of the major dangers of volcanic eruptions. A method to detect long-term movements of these mountains using satellite images could help identify previously overlooked instability at some volc...

 2021-01-26 19:00 

ScienceDaily.com

Impact of rising sea temperatures on marine life...

Global warming or climate change. It doesn't matter what you call it. What matters is that right now it is having a direct and dramatic effect on marine environments across our planet....

 2021-01-26 18:40 

ScienceDaily.com

Biodegradable displays for sustainable electronics...

Increasing use of electronic devices in consumables and new technologies for the internet of things are increasing the amount of electronic scrap. To save resources and minimize waste volumes, an eco-friendlier production and more sustainable lifecycle wi...

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