Science

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 2022-12-06 05:13 

Nature

Surprising Omicron origins study comes under scrutiny...

Sequences of early forms of the fast-spreading variant reported to have been circulating in West Africa could have resulted from contamination....

 2022-12-06 04:48 

The Conversation AU

The ChatGPT chatbot is blowing people away with its writing skills. An expert explains why it's so impressive...

Shutterstock We've all had some kind of interaction with a chatbot. It's usually a little pop-up in the corner of a website, offering customer support often clunky to navigate and almost always frustratingly non-specific. But imagine a chatbot, en...

 2022-12-06 04:41 

Universe Today

Construction Begins on the Square Kilometer Array...

At twin ground-breaking ceremonies today in South Africa and Australia, project leaders formally marked the start of construction on what will be the largest radio telescope ever built. Dubbed the Square Kilometer Array Observatory (SKAO) referring to the...

 2022-12-06 02:15 

EurekAlert

Giant mantle plume reveals Mars is more active than previously thought...

Orbital observations unveil the presence of an enormous mantle plume pushing the surface of Mars upward and driving intense volcanic and seismic activity. The discovery reveals that Mars, like Earth and Venus, possesses an active interior, which challenge...

 2022-12-06 02:15 

EurekAlert

Off-patent liver disease drug could prevent COVID-19 infection and protect against future variants...

Cambridge scientists have identified an off-patent drug that can be repurposed to prevent COVID-19 and may be capable of protecting against future variants of the virus in research involving a unique mix of 'mini-organs';, donor organs, animal stud...

 2022-12-06 02:15 

EurekAlert

Household air cleaners improve heart health among individuals with COPD, researchers find...

A six-month study led by Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers concludes that the use of portable home air purifiers can improve some markers of cardiovascular health in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD...

 2022-12-06 02:15 

EurekAlert

Two-billion-year-old enzyme reconstructed...

Basic researchers at Leipzig University have solved a puzzle in the evolution of bacterial enzymes. By reconstructing a candidate for a special RNA polymerase as it existed about two billion years ago, they were able to explain a hitherto puzzling propert...

 2022-12-06 02:15 

EurekAlert

Immune system irregularities found in women with postpartum mood disorders...

Women with prolonged mental health problems up to three years after childbirth may be suffering from irregular immune system responses, according to new research by Cedars-Sinai investigators....

 2022-12-06 02:15 

EurekAlert

New clue discovered for how and why cancer cells spread...

An international team of researchers has uncovered a new mechanism that enables cancer cells to move throughout the body, providing a potential new target to stop metastasis, which is responsible for 90 per cent of cancer deaths. In findings published in ...

 2022-12-06 02:15 

EurekAlert

Understanding the cryptic role fungi play in ecosystems...

When you say "fungi," most people think of mushrooms, showy fruiting bodies, but most fungi do not produce mushrooms. It is estimated that there are approximately 3 to 13 million fungal species on Earth, many of which are microscopic in size. They...

 2022-12-06 02:04 

ScienceDaily.com

New study sheds light on how neurons respond to aged-related iron accumulation...

A recent study details the neuronal response to excessive iron accumulation, which is associated with age-related neurodegenerative diseases....

 2022-12-06 02:00 

Universe Today

SOFIA Fails to Find Phosphine in the Atmosphere of Venus, But the Debate Continues...

The on-again, off-again detection of phosphine in the atmosphere of Venus appears to be off-again for now. The latest study, based on data from the SOFIA telescope, reveals that the flying observatory didn't see any signs of phosphine. According to th...

 2022-12-06 01:32 

ScienceDaily.com

Immunotherapy eliminates disease-causing cells in mice with MS-like disease...

Researchers have shown that the cancer therapy known as CAR-T can be applied to multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune disease of the nervous system. The findings extend the powerful tool of immunotherapy to autoimmune diseases, a class of diseases that a...

 2022-12-06 01:00 

Phys.org

Is there a common sound of swearing across languages?...

Swear words across different languages may tend to lack certain sounds such as l, r, and w, suggests research published in Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. This common pattern in profanity indicates that these sounds, called approximants, may appear less of...

 2022-12-06 00:39 

Universe Today

Hubble Spots Two Open Clusters. One is Also an Emission Nebula...

Open star clusters are groups of stars in loosely-bound gravitational associations. The stars are further apart than the stars in their cousins, the globular clusters. The weak gravity from the loose clusters means open clusters take on irregular shapes. ...

 2022-12-06 00:13 

Nautilus

Why Do People Believe in Ghost Stories?...

One question for Iris Berent, an Israeli-American cognitive psychologist at Northeastern University. The post Why Do People Believe in Ghost Stories? appeared first on Nautilus ....

 2022-12-06 00:00 

Nature

10 startling images of nature in crisis — and the struggle to save it...

A visual tour of unfolding threats and desperate attempts to reverse species' declines....

 2022-12-05 23:44 

The Conversation AU

It's not just Twitter. The whole Internet is broken and we'd better fix it soon...

Getty Images If the debate about Elon Musk's acquisition of Twitter tells us anything, it's that people including those in governments don't understand how the World Wide Web works. We know that the algorithms Twitter uses to recommend content...

 2022-12-05 23:00 

SpaceNews

Advisory panel to examine DoD's demand for commercial space systems...

The Pentagon's top research official has directed the Defense Science Board to examine the military's growing reliance on commercial space technology and its implications. The post Advisory panel to examine DoD's demand for commercial space sy...

 2022-12-05 22:39 

SpaceNews

Ukraine's Promin Aerospace on track for 2023 flight test...

Ukrainian startup Promin Aerospace remains on track to conduct the first test of its small satellite launch technology early next year, in spite of the ongoing Russian-Ukrainian war. The post Ukraine's Promin Aerospace on track for 2023 flight test ap...

 2022-12-05 22:18 

Universe Today

Ground Telescopes can Adapt to Satellite Megaconstellations if They get Accurate Telemetry Data...

The growing population of communication satellites such as Starlink and OneWeb is posing challenges for Earth-based astronomy facilities. Since such constellations will not be going away soon, astronomers want to find ways to work around the issue. It'...

 2022-12-05 22:13 

Phys.org

A journey across generations: Inheritance of the plant microbiome via seed...

What defines us and other living organisms more strongly, genes or the environment? Only recently, researchers were able to prove experimentally that even microorganisms can be inherited from one plant generation to the next via the seed....

 2022-12-05 22:13 

Phys.org

Religious violence increases anxiety among Muslims and Jews, even if they have never been personally targeted...

Fear of hate crime looms especially large in the minds of Jews and Muslims, even if they have never been personally targeted, according to a new study from Rice University and West Virginia University....

 2022-12-05 22:13 

Phys.org

December serving up baked Alaska and warming most of Arctic...

Much of the Arctic is in a burst of freak December warming....

 2022-12-05 22:10 

Phys.org

Shhhh ... speaking more quietly in restaurants means everyone can be heard...

In a crowded restaurant, diners usually talk with their companions at their own table. But the sound of their conversations bounces off walls and reflects to other patrons, creating background noise. Each individual speaker wants to be heard over that noi...

 2022-12-05 22:09 

Phys.org

Understanding the cryptic role fungi play in ecosystems...

When you say "fungi," most people think of mushrooms, showy fruiting bodies, but most fungi do not produce mushrooms. It is estimated that there are approximately 3 to 13 million fungal species on Earth, many of which are microscopic in size....

 2022-12-05 22:08 

Universe Today

Want to Colonize Space? Unleash the Power of Microbes...

If space colonization is in our future, we'll have to use the resources available there. But we won't be able to bring our established industrial methods and processes from Earth into space. Transporting heavy mining machinery to the Moon, Mars, o...

 2022-12-05 22:07 

Phys.org

Improving precision of pressure determination in nanosecond X-ray diffraction experiments...

X-ray diffraction measurements under laser-driven dynamic compression allow researchers to investigate the atomic structure of matter at hundreds of thousands of atmospheres of pressure and temperatures of thousands of degrees, with broad implications for...

 2022-12-05 22:00 

Space.com

See Mars at opposition pass behind the moon this week for free online...

This week offers multiple opportunities to get a great look at Mars thanks to several livestreams of Red Planet astronomical events....

 2022-12-05 21:59 

Phys.org

More flexible than we thought: Worms provide new insights into the evolution and diversification of TGF-beta signaling...

The TGF- cellular signaling network, essential to various functions in all metazoans and involved in many severe human pathologies like autoimmune diseases and cancer, is more flexible than previously thought....

 2022-12-05 21:57 

Sky News

Climate protesters guilty of criminal damage after smashing windows of Barclays headquarters...

Six of the seven women convicted have previous convictions for either criminal damage, wilful obstruction of a highway, breaching directions imposed on public assemblies or a combination of the three offences....

 2022-12-05 21:41 

NBC News

Sale jumpstarts floating, offshore wind power in U.S. waters...

Offshore wind is well established in the U.K. and some other countries but is just beginning to ramp up off America's coasts....

 2022-12-05 21:40 

New Scientist

Adlie penguins show signs of self-awareness on the mirror test...

When shown their reflection, wild Adlie penguins can tell it isn't another penguin but they may not fully connect their mirror image to themselves...

 2022-12-05 21:36 

ScienceDaily.com

The majority of California's coastal airports are vulnerable to increased flooding caused by climate change...

A new study has found that 39 out of 43 coastal airports in California have assets exposed to projected flooding that could disrupt their operations in the next 20 to 40 years....

 2022-12-05 21:36 

ScienceDaily.com

Small glowing protein allows researchers to peer deeper into living tissues...

Biomedical and genetic engineers have designed a small fluorescent protein that emits and absorbs light that penetrates deep into biological tissue. Tailored to wavelengths in the near-infrared (NIR) spectrum, this protein can help researchers capture dee...

 2022-12-05 21:36 

ScienceDaily.com

Researchers advance insights into cause of ripples on icicles...

Experimental physicists growing icicles are closer to understanding why some form with ripples up and down their outsides, while others form with smooth, slick, even surfaces. By growing icicles from water samples with different contaminants like sodium c...

 2022-12-05 21:35 

Space.com

Artemis 1 Orion spacecraft suffered power blip hours before its close lunar flyby...

The Orion spacecraft had a brief power issue on Sunday (Dec. 4) but did complete its planned engine burn to return home as planned today (Dec. 5)....

 2022-12-05 21:34 

Phys.org

New research develops a model that optimizes political fairness for political redistricting...

Political redistricting is a problem of national interest with consequences to electoral representation. It is a decennial process of redrawing the boundaries of congressional and state legislative districts, and can affect a wide range of stakeholders, i...

 2022-12-05 21:34 

Phys.org

New study finds that 70% of Florida's coral reefs are eroding...

A new study has found that 70% of Florida's reefs are eroding and experiencing net loss of reef habitat. The research, conducted by an interdisciplinary group of scientists through the NOAA Cooperative Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Studies at t...

 2022-12-05 21:34 

Phys.org

Study finds DNA repair declines with age, limiting fertility...

Even worms have a ticking fertility clock. Older worms are less efficient at repairing broken DNA strands while making egg cells—part of a process that's essential for fertility. A new study from University of Oregon (UO) biologists suggests one...

 2022-12-05 21:34 

Phys.org

Study shows the majority of California's coastal airports are vulnerable to increased flooding caused by climate change...

Most of California's population and its largest airports are located along the Pacific coastline, which is increasingly impacted by storm surges, sea level rise, and erosion due to climate change. In the next 30 years, sea level along the coast is exp...

 2022-12-05 21:27 

Phys.org

New instrument measures supercurrent flow; data has applications in quantum computing...

Jigang Wang offered a quick walk-around of a new sort of microscope that can help researchers understand—and ultimately develop—the inner workings of quantum computing....

 2022-12-05 21:27 

Phys.org

Climate change in the forests of northern Germany: Team finds widespread drought stress in European beech...

More and more trees are suffering the consequences of decades of manmade climate change. The growth of the European beech has so far suffered decline mainly in southern Europe. European beech is Germany's most important native forest tree species, and...

 2022-12-05 21:23 

Phys.org

Boosted by government programs, cover cropping is increasing across the US Midwest...

Cover crops, with their ability to reduce erosion and promote soil health, are being planted across more U.S. Midwestern land than ever. That's according to new University of Illinois research showing that cover crop adoption reached 7.2% in 2021, up ...

 2022-12-05 21:12 

Phys.org

For biodiversity to thrive, conservation efforts must be 'nature and people positive,' experts say...

In a new expert study published in the journal One Earth, an international team of scientists from the Earth Commission, convened by Future Earth, say that efforts to meet new biodiversity targets and goals for the next three decades risk repeating past f...

 2022-12-05 21:08 

Phys.org

Forest resilience linked with higher mortality risk in western U.S., study finds...

A forest's resilience, or ability to absorb environmental disturbances, has long been thought to be a boost for its odds of survival against the looming threat of climate change....

 2022-12-05 21:07 

Phys.org

Biologists make case for guiding conservation with a local touch to fight climate change effects...

As nature reels towards a hotter, drier, harsher future, new conservation tools—seed banks and frozen zoos, gene editing and assisted gene flow—hold promise to help struggling animal and plant populations. The catch: New approaches must incorp...

 2022-12-05 21:07 

Phys.org

NASA is testing a new robotic arm that really knows how to chill out...

Future planetary missions could explore in extremely cold temperatures that stymie existing spacecraft, thanks to a project under development at JPL....

 2022-12-05 21:05 

Phys.org

Teachers entering the profession from other fields often less satisfied...

There is a shortage of teachers not only in Germany, but in many countries around the world. For this reason, people without formal teaching degrees are often brought in from other fields to teach in schools. Yet according to a new study, they are often l...

 2022-12-05 21:03 

Phys.org

NASA capsule flies over Apollo landing sites, heads home...

NASA's Orion capsule and its test dummies swooped one last time around the moon Monday, flying over a couple Apollo landing sites before heading home....

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