Science

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 2018-09-21 19:44 

Phys.org

Ocean acidification may reduce sea scallop fisheries...

Each year, fishermen harvest more than $500 million worth of Atlantic sea scallops from the waters off the east coast of the United States. A new model created by scientists at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), however, predicts that those ...

 2018-09-21 19:44 

Phys.org

New nanotherapy offers hope in treating drug-resistant renal cell carcinoma...

A research team led by Arun Iyer, Ph.D., assistant professor of pharmaceutical sciences in the Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences at Wayne State University, has developed a nanoplatform technology that works in combination with exist...

 2018-09-21 18:00 

Phys.org

Origami opens up smart options for architecture on the Moon and Mars...

Origami and high-performance textiles are transforming architecture plans for smart human habitats and research stations on the Moon and Mars. Initial field tests of the MoonMars project's origami prototype will be presented at the European Planetary ...

 2018-09-21 18:00 

Phys.org

Spray-on antennas could unlock potential of smart, connected technology...

The promise of wearables, functional fabrics, the Internet of Things, and their "next-generation" technological cohort seems tantalizingly within reach. But researchers in the field will tell you a prime reason for their delayed "arrival" ...

 2018-09-21 17:46 

Phys.org

New battery gobbles up carbon dioxide...

A new type of battery developed by researchers at MIT could be made partly from carbon dioxide captured from power plants. Rather than attempting to convert carbon dioxide to specialized chemicals using metal catalysts, which is currently highly challengi...

 2018-09-21 17:44 

Phys.org

Three NASA missions return first-light data...

NASA's continued quest to explore our solar system and beyond received a boost of new information this week with three key missions proving not only that they are up and running, but that their science potential is exceptional. On Sept. 17, 2018, TESS...

 2018-09-21 14:45 

Phys.org

Emissions from most diesel cars in Europe greatly exceed laboratory testing levels...

In September 2015, the German automaker Volkswagen was found to have illegally cheated federal emissions tests in the United States, by intentionally programming emissions control devices to turn on only during laboratory testing. The devices enabled more...

 2018-09-21 14:39 

Phys.org

Combining multiple CCTV images could help catch suspects...

Combining multiple poor quality CCTV images into a single, computer-enhanced composite could improve the accuracy of facial recognition systems used to identify criminal suspects, new research suggests....

 2018-09-21 14:16 

Phys.org

Mobile device could make it easier to predict and control harmful algal blooms...

In the past 10 years, harmful algal blooms—sudden increases in the population of algae, typically in coastal regions and freshwater systems—have become a more serious problem for marine life throughout the U.S. The blooms are made up of phytop...

 2018-09-21 13:13 

Phys.org

Subducting slabs of the Earth's crust may generate unusual features spotted near the core...

Nearly 1,800 miles below the earth's surface, there are large odd structures lurking at the base of the mantle, sitting just above the core. The mantle is a thick layer of hot, mostly plastic rock that surrounds the core; atop the mantle is the thin s...

 2018-09-21 12:47 

Phys.org

On-demand room-temperature single photon array—a quantum communication breakthrough...

Physicists at The City College of New York have used atomically thin two-dimensional materials to realize an array of quantum emitters operating at room temperature that can be integrated into next generation quantum communication systems....

 2018-09-21 12:40 

Phys.org

Historian angers group who proposed labeling late Holocene as Meghalayan Age...

Guy Middleton, a historian at the Czech Institute of Egyptology at Charles University in Prague, has angered members of the group who successfully pushed for the creation of a new unit of geological time called the Meghalayan Age. In his Perspective piece...

 2018-09-21 12:26 

Phys.org

Perovskite semiconductors seeing right through next generation X-ray detectors...

From observing celestial objects to medical imaging, the sensitive detection of X-rays plays a central role in countless applications. However, the methods used to detect them have undergone an interesting evolution of their own....

 2018-09-21 12:10 

Phys.org

Graphene bilayer provides efficient transport and control of spins...

University of Groningen physicists in collaboration with a theoretical physics group from Universitt Regensburg have built an optimized bilayer graphene device that displays both long spin lifetimes and electrically controllable spin-lifetime anisotropy. ...

 2018-09-21 12:00 

Phys.org

Sparrow in a lead mine—birds adapt to life in contaminated areas...

A new study of house sparrows' genes has found the first evidence of animals adapting to lead contamination in heavily polluted areas of Australia....

 2018-09-21 11:58 

Phys.org

How quinoa plants shed excess salt and thrive in saline soils...

Barely heard of a couple of years ago, quinoa today is common on European supermarket shelves. The hardy plant thrives even in saline soils. Researchers from the University of Wrzburg have now determined how the plant gets rid of the excess salt....

 2018-09-21 11:57 

Phys.org

Scientists solve the golden puzzle of calaverite...

Scientists from Russia and Germany have shed light on the crystalline structure of calaverite, foretelling the existence of a new gold compound previously unknown to chemists. The results of their study were published in the Proceedings of the National Ac...

 2018-09-21 11:00 

Phys.org

Scientists reveal the hidden costs of cobalt mining in DR Congo...

In recent years, the demand for cobalt, a crucial component of rechargeable lithium-ion batteries for smartphones and electric cars, has been on the increase. Around 60 percent of the world's cobalt supply comes from the mineral-rich Katanga copper be...

 2018-09-21 10:52 

Phys.org

New observations to understand the phase transition in quantum chromodynamics...

The building blocks of matter in our universe were formed in the first 10 microseconds of its existence, according to the currently accepted scientific picture. After the Big Bang about 13.7 billion years ago, matter consisted mainly of quarks and gluons,...

 2018-09-21 10:51 

Phys.org

Researchers report simpler method for safely handling methanethiol in chemical synthesis...

The chemical element sulfur is an important constituent in many pharmaceuticals, and consequently, it is desirable to introduce sulfur-containing fragments efficiently in a broad range of chemical compounds. The Skrydstrup team has provided an effective w...

 2018-09-21 10:15 

Phys.org

Japan space probe drops hopping rovers towards asteroid...

A Japanese space probe Friday released a pair of exploring rovers towards an egg-shaped asteroid to collect mineral samples that may shed light on the origin of the solar system....

 2018-09-21 06:33 

Phys.org

To improve auto coatings, new tests do more than scratch the surface...

Know that sickening feeling when you exit the grocery store and find your car has been banged up by a runaway shopping cart? It may one day be just a bad memory if auto body manufacturers make use of a new suite of tests developed by the National Institut...

 2018-09-21 06:33 

Phys.org

Neutrons produce first direct 3-D maps of water during cell membrane fusion...

New 3-D maps of water distribution during cellular membrane fusion are accelerating scientific understanding of cell development, which could lead to new treatments for diseases associated with cell fusion. Using neutron diffraction at the Department of E...

 2018-09-21 06:31 

Phys.org

Synthetic organelle shows how tiny puddle-organs in our cells work...

A couple of sugars, a dash of enzymes, a pinch of salt, a splash of polyethylene glycol, carefully arranged in watery baths. And researchers had made a synthetic organelle, which they used in a new study to explore some odd cellular biochemistry....

 2018-09-21 06:26 

Phys.org

Amazon aims to make Alexa assistant bigger part of users' lives...

From the kitchen to the car, Amazon on Thursday sought to make its Alexa digital assistant and online services a bigger part of people's lives with an array of new products and partnerships....

 2018-09-20 18:57 

Phys.org

Propping up glaciers to avoid cataclysmic sea level rise...

As global warming outpaces efforts to tame it, scientists have proposed building massive underwater structures to prevent an Antarctic glacier the size of Britain from sliding into the sea and lifting the world's oceans by several metres....

 2018-09-20 18:44 

Phys.org

NASA balloon mission captures electric blue clouds...

On the cusp of our atmosphere live a thin group of seasonal electric blue clouds. Forming 50 miles above the poles in summer, these clouds are known as noctilucent clouds or polar mesospheric clouds—PMCs. A recent NASA long-duration balloon mission ...

 2018-09-20 18:00 

Phys.org

Astrophysicists measure precise rotation pattern of sun-like stars for the first time...

Sun-like stars rotate up to two and a half times faster at the equator than at higher latitudes, a finding by researchers at NYU Abu Dhabi that challenges current science on how stars rotate....

 2018-09-20 18:00 

Phys.org

What makes a mammal a mammal? Our spine, say scientists...

Mammals are unique in many ways. We're warm-blooded and agile in comparison with our reptilian relatives....

 2018-09-20 18:00 

Phys.org

Plug-and-play technology automates chemical synthesis...

Designing a new chemical synthesis can be a laborious process with a fair amount of drudgery involved—mixing chemicals, measuring temperatures, analyzing the results, then starting over again if it doesn't work out....

 2018-09-20 18:00 

Phys.org

Fat from 558 million years ago reveals earliest known animal...

Scientists from The Australian National University (ANU) and overseas have discovered molecules of fat in an ancient fossil to reveal the earliest confirmed animal in the geological record that lived on Earth 558 million years ago....

 2018-09-20 18:00 

Phys.org

Simulations enable 'choose-your-own-adventure' stereochemistry...

Stereochemistry is a science of reflection. Two chemical molecules with the same composition and structure, but with one as the mirror image of the other, can produce wildly varying effects. Controlling which molecule emerges from a given reaction is a cr...

 2018-09-20 16:19 

Phys.org

Decoding the structure of an RNA-based CRISPR system...

Over the past several years, CRISPR-Cas9 has moved beyond the lab bench and into the public zeitgeist. This gene-editing tool CRISPR-Cas9 holds promise for correcting defects inside individual cells and potentially healing or preventing many human ailment...

 2018-09-20 16:12 

Phys.org

Intestines modify their cellular structure in response to diet...

Body organs such as the intestine and ovaries undergo structural changes in response to dietary nutrients that can have lasting impacts on metabolism, as well as cancer susceptibility, according to Carnegie's Rebecca Obniski, Matthew Sieber, and Allan...

 2018-09-20 15:10 

Phys.org

Pairing zebrafish by personality improves fitness of the species...

Scientists have challenged the theory of "love at first sight" after discovering that they can boost the reproductive success of zebrafish by pairing them by personality, rather than appearance....

 2018-09-20 15:00 

Phys.org

Nomadic hunter-gatherers show that cooperation is flexible, not fixed...

In the realm of evolutionary biology and survival of the fittest, cooperation is a risky business. Yet humans do it on a scope and a scale unmatched by any group in the animal world....

 2018-09-20 15:00 

Phys.org

Kiwifruit duplicated its vitamin C genes twice, 50 million and 20 million years ago...

Today's kiwifruit, a member of the Chinese gooseberry family, contains about as much vitamin C as an orange. This extra boost in vitamin C production is the result of the kiwifruit's ancestors' spontaneously duplicating their DNA in two separa...

 2018-09-20 15:00 

Phys.org

We are bombarded by thousands of diverse species and chemicals, study finds...

We are all exposed to a vast and dynamic cloud of microbes, chemicals and particulates that, if visible, might make us look something like Pig-Pen from Peanuts....

 2018-09-20 15:00 

Phys.org

Octopuses given mood drug 'ecstasy' reveal genetic link to evolution of social behaviors in humans...

By studying the genome of a kind of octopus not known for its friendliness toward its peers, then testing its behavioral reaction to a popular mood-altering drug called MDMA or "ecstasy," scientists say they have found preliminary evidence of an e...

 2018-09-20 14:47 

Phys.org

Basking sharks can jump as high and as fast as great whites...

A collaborative team of marine biologists has discovered that basking sharks, hundreds of which are found off the shores of Ireland, Cornwall, the Isle of Man and Scotland, can jump as fast and as high out of the water as their cousins, the famously power...

 2018-09-20 14:32 

Phys.org

First detection of matter falling into a black hole at 30 percent of the speed of light...

A UK team of astronomers report the first detection of matter falling into a black hole at 30 percent of the speed of light, located in the centre of the billion-light year distant galaxy PG211+143. The team, led by Professor Ken Pounds of the University ...

 2018-09-20 14:31 

Phys.org

Candy-pink lagoon serves up salt-rich diet for potential life on Mars...

The discovery of a microorganism that gives a candy-pink lagoon in central Spain its startling colour is providing new evidence for how life could survive on a high-salt diet on Mars or Europa. The Laguna de Pea Hueca, part of the Lake Tirez system in La ...

 2018-09-20 14:00 

Phys.org

Quick and not-so-dirty: A rapid nano-filter for clean water...

Australian researchers have designed a rapid nano-filter that can clean dirty water over 100 times faster than current technology....

 2018-09-20 13:10 

Phys.org

Paraffin-infused porous graphene film (PIPGF) with programmable wettability...

In materials science, the surface wettability of a biomaterial can be measured using the surface water contact angle as an important characterization of its hydrophilicity or hydrophobicity. The technique has attracted remarkable attention in recent years...

 2018-09-20 13:00 

Phys.org

Dwarf companion to EPIC 206011496 detected by astronomers...

Using ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT), European astronomers have uncovered the presence of an M-dwarf around the star EPIC 206011496. The newly found object is more than 60 percent less massive than our sun and is bounded to the primary star. The fin...

 2018-09-20 12:57 

Phys.org

Research finds Aboriginals lived in Western Desert 50,000 years ago...

Archaeologists from The University of Western Australia working with Traditional Custodians from the Birriliburru Indigenous Protected Area (IPA) have recovered evidence that people lived in the Australian arid zone 50,000 years ago....

 2018-09-20 12:43 

Phys.org

Scientists predict extinction risk for hard-to-track species...

Species are going extinct all over the world: Scientists believe that Earth is losing between 200 and 2,000 species every year. That number is squishy, partly because there are so many species for which they lack good data—particularly those living ...

 2018-09-20 12:30 

Phys.org

Commercially relevant bismuth-based thin film processing...

Developing materials suitable for use in optoelectronic devices is currently a very active area of research. The search for materials for use in photoelectric conversion elements has to be carried out in parallel with developing the optimal film formation...

 2018-09-20 12:30 

Phys.org

Researchers determine absolute duration of photoelectric effect for the first time...

The photoelectric effect provides the basis for solar energy and global communications; Albert Einstein described it over a century ago. For the first time, scientists from the Technical University of Munich (TUM), the Max-Planck Institute of Quantum Opti...

 2018-09-20 12:20 

Phys.org

Mathematics meets biology to uncover unexpected biorhythms...

A novel mathematical approach has uncovered that some animal cells have robust 12-hour cycles of genetic activity, in addition to circadian or 24-hour cycles. The method, published in the journal PLOS ONE, assessed the periodicity of gene expression data ...

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