Science

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 2018-06-22 23:08 

ScienceDaily.com

New research on avian response to wildfires...

New research explores the effects fire has on ecosystems and the wildlife species that inhabit them. Scientists examined the impacts of fires of different severity levels on birds and how that changes as the time since fire increases. Scientists looked ac...

 2018-06-22 21:48 

ScienceDaily.com

Repellent research: Navy developing ship coatings to reduce fuel, energy costs...

It can repel water, oil, alcohol and even peanut butter. And it might save the US Navy millions of dollars in ship fuel costs, reduce the amount of energy that vessels consume and improve operational efficiency....

 2018-06-22 21:48 

ScienceDaily.com

Tiny jumping roundworm undergoes unusual sexual development...

Biologists have shown that gonad development varies in other nematodes relative to C. elegans. Specifically, they focused on Steinernema carpocapsae, a nematode used in insect biocontrol applications in lawns and gardens....

 2018-06-22 21:48 

ScienceDaily.com

The photoelectric effect in stereo...

In the photoelectric effect, a photon ejects an electron from a material. Researchers have now used attosecond laser pulses to measure the time evolution of this effect in molecules. From their results they can deduce the exact location of a photoionizati...

 2018-06-22 21:48 

ScienceDaily.com

Challenging our understanding of how platelets are made...

Correlative light-electron microscopy is being used to increase our knowledge of how platelets are made in the body and the results are challenging previously held understandings....

 2018-06-22 21:47 

ScienceDaily.com

Uncovering lost images from the 19th century...

Art curators will be able to recover images on daguerreotypes, the earliest form of photography that used silver plates, after a team of scientists learned how to use light to see through degradation that has occurred over time....

 2018-06-22 21:47 

ScienceDaily.com

Dynamic modeling helps predict the behaviors of gut microbes...

A new study provides a platform for predicting how microbial gut communities work and represents a first step toward understanding how to manipulate the properties of the gut ecosystem. This could allow scientists to, for example, design a probiotic that ...

 2018-06-22 21:47 

ScienceDaily.com

'Stealth' material hides hot objects from infrared eyes...

Infrared cameras are the heat-sensing eyes that help drones find their targets even in the dead of night or through heavy fog. Hiding from such detectors could become much easier, thanks to a new cloaking material that renders objects -- and people -- pra...

 2018-06-22 21:47 

ScienceDaily.com

Estimate of 8.5 billion barrels of oil in Texas' Eagle Ford Group...

The Eagle Ford Group of Texas contains estimated means of 8.5 billion barrels of oil, 66 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 1.9 billion barrels of natural gas liquids, according to a new assessment....

 2018-06-22 21:47 

ScienceDaily.com

New therapeutic target for slowing the spread of flu virus...

Influenza A (flu A) hijacks host proteins for viral RNA splicing and blocking these interactions caused replication of the virus to slow, which could point to novel strategies for antiviral therapies....

 2018-06-22 21:47 

ScienceDaily.com

Low-cost plastic sensors could monitor a range of health conditions...

An international team of researchers have developed a low-cost sensor made from semiconducting plastic that can be used to diagnose or monitor a wide range of health conditions, such as surgical complications or neurodegenerative diseases....

 2018-06-22 21:45 

ScienceDaily.com

Scientists discover how antiviral gene works...

It's been known for years that humans and other mammals possess an antiviral gene called RSAD2 that prevents a remarkable range of viruses from multiplying. Now, researchers have discovered the secret to the gene's success: The enzyme it codes for...

 2018-06-22 21:45 

ScienceDaily.com

Biorenewable, biodegradable plastic alternative synthesized...

Polymer chemists have taken another step toward a future of high-performance, biorenewable, biodegradable plastics. The team describes chemical synthesis of a polymer called bacterial poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) - or P3HB. The compound shows early promise as ...

 2018-06-22 14:47 

ScienceDaily.com

Broken shuttle may interfere with learning in major brain disorders...

A broken shuttle protein may hinder learning in people with intellectual disability, schizophrenia, or autism....

 2018-06-22 14:47 

ScienceDaily.com

What causes the sound of a dripping tap -- and how do you stop it?...

Scientists have solved the riddle behind one of the most recognizable, and annoying, household sounds: the dripping tap. And crucially, they have also identified a simple solution to stop it, which most of us already have in our kitchens....

 2018-06-22 14:47 

ScienceDaily.com

Drug compound stops cancer cells from spreading in mice...

New research shows that it may be possible to freeze cancer cells and kill them where they stand....

 2018-06-22 14:47 

ScienceDaily.com

Miniature testing of drug pairs on tumor biopsies...

Combinations of cancer drugs can be quickly and cheaply tested on tumour cells using a novel device developed by scientists. The research marks the latest advancement in the field of personalized medicine....

 2018-06-22 14:47 

ScienceDaily.com

Mosquito-borne diseases in Europe: Containment strategy depends on when the alarm sets off...

New research based on the Italian experience with outbreaks of Chikungunya, a disease borne by the tiger mosquito, in 2007 and 2017, shows that different vector control strategies are needed, depending on the time when the first cases are notified, 't...

 2018-06-22 14:47 

ScienceDaily.com

Important step towards a computer model that predicts the outcome of eye diseases...

Understanding how the retina transforms images into signals that the brain can interpret would not only result in insights into brain computations, but could also be useful for medicine. As machine learning and artificial intelligence develop, eye disease...

 2018-06-22 14:47 

ScienceDaily.com

People with schizophrenia account for more than one in 10 suicide cases...

A new study shows that people with schizophrenia account for more than one in 10 cases of suicide in Ontario, and that young people are disproportionately affected. People with schizophrenia also had more contact with the health care system, pointing to a...

 2018-06-22 14:46 

ScienceDaily.com

Starving fungi could save millions of lives each year...

Researchers have identified a potentially new approach to treating lethal fungal infections that claim more than 1.6 million lives each year: starving the fungi of key nutrients, preventing their growth and spread....

 2018-06-22 14:45 

ScienceDaily.com

Wolf reintroduction: Yellowstone's 'landscape of fear' not so scary after all...

After wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park in the mid-1990s, some scientists thought the large predator reestablished a 'landscape of fear' that caused elk, the wolf's main prey, to avoid risky places where wolves killed them....

 2018-06-22 14:45 

ScienceDaily.com

Normalization of 'plus-size' risks hidden danger of obesity...

New research warns that the normalization of 'plus-size' body shapes may be leading to an increasing number of people underestimating their weight - undermining efforts to tackle England's ever-growing obesity problem. Analysis of data from al...

 2018-06-22 05:21 

ScienceDaily.com

Accurate measurements of sodium intake confirm relationship with mortality...

Eating foods high in salt is known to contribute to high blood pressure, but does that linear relationship extend to increased risk of cardiovascular disease and death? Recent cohort studies have contested that relationship, but a new study using multiple...

 2018-06-21 21:25 

ScienceDaily.com

Chemists teach an enzyme a new trick, with potential for building new molecules...

Chemists have found a way to make a naturally occurring enzyme take on a new, artificial role, which has significant implications for modern chemistry, including pharmaceutical production....

 2018-06-21 21:25 

ScienceDaily.com

Crisis can force re-evaluation and derail efforts to reach goals...

Setbacks are to be expected when pursuing a goal, whether you are trying to lose weight or save money. The challenge is getting back on track and not giving up after a difficulty or crisis, says a marketing professor working on practical ways to help peop...

 2018-06-21 21:25 

ScienceDaily.com

Writing away the body image blues...

Body dissatisfaction among women is widespread and can lead to a number of worrisome outcomes, including eating disorders, depression and anxiety. While researchers know a lot about what makes women's body image worse, they are still short on empirica...

 2018-06-21 21:25 

ScienceDaily.com

Coining less expensive currency: Bringing down the cost of making nickels...

Cashing in on materials science, makes a new nickel for use in the U.S. Mint. The work might be useful for building durable high-tech devices like smartphones, too....

 2018-06-21 21:24 

ScienceDaily.com

Scientists discover how brain signals travel to drive language performance...

Using transcranial magnetic stimulation and network control theory, researchers have taken a novel approach to understanding how signals travel across the brain's highways and how stimulation can lead to better cognitive function....

 2018-06-21 21:24 

ScienceDaily.com

'Antifreeze' molecules may stop and reverse damage from brain injuries...

The key to better treatments for brain injuries and disease may lie in the molecules charged with preventing the clumping of specific proteins associated with cognitive decline and other neurological problems, researchers report....

 2018-06-21 21:24 

ScienceDaily.com

Deep data dive helps predict cerebral palsy...

A pioneering technique developed to analyze genetic activity of Antarctic worms is helping to predict cerebral palsy. The technique uses next-generation genetic sequencing data to measure how cells control the way genes are turned on or off, and can also ...

 2018-06-21 21:24 

ScienceDaily.com

Ketamine acts fast to treat depression and its effects last -- but how?...

Researchers describe the molecular mechanisms behind ketamine's ability to squash depression and keep it at bay....

 2018-06-21 21:24 

ScienceDaily.com

Our intestinal microbiome influences metabolism -- through the immune system...

The innate immune system, our first line of defense against bacterial infection, has a side job that's equally important: fine-tuning our metabolism....

 2018-06-21 21:24 

ScienceDaily.com

Template to create superatoms could make for better batteries...

Researchers have discovered a novel strategy for creating superatoms -- combinations of atoms that can mimic the properties of more than one group of elements of the periodic table. These superatoms could be used to create new materials, including more ef...

 2018-06-21 21:24 

ScienceDaily.com

Scientists solve the case of the missing subplate, with wide implications for brain science...

A new study shows that a group of neurons, previously thought to die in the course of development, in fact become incorporated into the brain's cortex. This research has implications for understanding -- and possibly treating --several brain disorders...

 2018-06-21 18:11 

ScienceDaily.com

US oil & gas methane emissions 60 percent higher than estimated...

The US oil and gas industry emits 13 million metric tons of the potent greenhouse gas methane from its operations each year, 60 percent more than estimated by the US Environmental Protection Agency, according to a new study....

 2018-06-21 18:11 

ScienceDaily.com

New clues to improving chemotherapies...

The work has important implications for understanding how human cancer cells develop resistance to natural product-based chemotherapies....

 2018-06-21 18:11 

ScienceDaily.com

Researchers create matchmaking service, for peptides and antibiotics...

Researchers have matched small proteins, called peptides, with antibiotics so they can work together to combat hard-to-treat infections that don't respond well to drugs on their own....

 2018-06-21 18:11 

ScienceDaily.com

How snowshoe hares evolved to stay seasonally camouflaged...

Many animals have evolved fur or feather colors to blend in with the environment and hide from predators. But how do animals stay camouflaged when their environment changes with each new season? For snowshoe hares, hybridization plays an important role in...

 2018-06-21 18:11 

ScienceDaily.com

Antarctic ice sheet is melting, but rising bedrock below could slow it down...

An international team of researchers has found that the bedrock below the remote West Antarctic Ice Sheet is rising much more rapidly than previously thought, in response to ongoing ice melt....

 2018-06-21 18:11 

ScienceDaily.com

Unprecedented control of polymer grids achieved...

The first examples of covalent organic frameworks (COFs) were discovered in 2005, but quality has been poor and preparation methods uncontrolled. Now researchers have produced high-quality versions of these materials, demonstrate their superior properties...

 2018-06-21 18:11 

ScienceDaily.com

Brain's response to opioids: New research provides expanded insights...

Opioids are powerful painkillers that act on the brain, but they have a range of harmful side effects including addiction. Researchers have developed a tool that gives deeper insights into the brain's response to opioids....

 2018-06-21 18:11 

ScienceDaily.com

Zebrafish's near 360 degree UV-vision knocks stripes off Google Street View...

A zebrafish view of the world has been forensically analyzed by researchers to reveal that how they see their surroundings changes hugely depending on what direction they are looking....

 2018-06-21 18:11 

ScienceDaily.com

Majority of US adults prescribed epinephrine report not using it in an emergency...

A new study shows in an emergency, 52 percent of adults with potentially life-threatening allergies didn't use the epinephrine auto-injectors (EAI) they were prescribed....

 2018-06-21 18:10 

ScienceDaily.com

Psychiatric disorders share an underlying genetic basis...

Researchers explored the genetic connections between brain disorders at a scale far eclipsing previous work on the subject. The team determined that psychiatric disorders share many genetic variants, while neurological disorders (such as Parkinson's o...

 2018-06-21 18:10 

ScienceDaily.com

Fish's use of electricity might shed light on human illnesses...

African weakly electric fish, commonly called baby whales, use incredibly brief electrical pulses to sense the world around them and communicate with other members of their species. Part of that electrical mechanism exists in humans -- and by studying the...

 2018-06-21 18:10 

ScienceDaily.com

Mice not only experience regret, but also learn to avoid it in the future...

New research has discovered that mice are capable of learning to plan ahead in order to avoid regret down the road even if there is no additional gain in rewards....

 2018-06-21 18:10 

ScienceDaily.com

Water can be very dead, electrically speaking...

Water is one of the most fascinating substances on Earth and at the heart of its many unusual properties is high polarizability, a strong response to an applied electric field. Now researchers have found that on a microscopic scale water behaves very diff...

 2018-06-21 18:10 

ScienceDaily.com

First ancient syphilis genomes decoded...

An international research team has recovered the first historic genomes from the bacterium Treponema pallidum, which causes syphilis. It was previously not thought possible to recover DNA of this bacterium from ancient samples. In the study, the researche...

 2018-06-21 18:10 

ScienceDaily.com

Einstein proved right in another galaxy...

Astronomers have made the most precise test of gravity outside our own solar system. By combining data taken with NASA's Hubble Space Telescope and the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope, the researchers show that gravity in this...

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