Science

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 2018-09-21 18:01 

ScienceDaily.com

Facial hair on pilots: Study busts myth...

Do airline pilots need a clean-shaven face to ensure a proper seal on face masks during emergency cabin depressurization? A recent study offers an answer....

 2018-09-21 18:01 

ScienceDaily.com

Emissions from most diesel cars in Europe greatly exceed laboratory testing levels...

A new study reports that Volkswagen is not the only auto manufacturer to make diesel cars that produce vastly more emissions on the road than in laboratory tests. The study finds that in Europe, 10 major auto manufacturers produced diesel cars, sold betwe...

 2018-09-21 13:24 

ScienceDaily.com

Cooking with wood or coal is linked to increased risk of respiratory illness and death...

Burning wood or coal to cook food is associated with increased risk of hospitalization or dying from respiratory diseases....

 2018-09-21 13:24 

ScienceDaily.com

Kiwi teenagers less fit than a generation ago...

New Zealand teenagers are less fit and weigh more than their parents were at the same age, new University of Otago research reveals....

 2018-09-21 13:24 

ScienceDaily.com

Spray coated tactile sensor on 3D surface for robotic skin...

Scientists have reported a stretchable pressure insensitive strain sensor by using an all solution-based process. The solution-based process is easily scalable to accommodate for large areas and can be coated as a thin-film on 3-dimensional irregularly sh...

 2018-09-21 13:24 

ScienceDaily.com

Extra Arctic observations can improve predictability of tropical cyclones...

Scientists have found that additional weather observations in the Arctic can help predict the track and intensity of tropical and mid-latitude cyclones more accurately, improving weather forecasting of extreme weather events....

 2018-09-21 12:29 

ScienceDaily.com

Eye infection in contact lens wearers can cause blindness...

A new outbreak of a rare but preventable eye infection that can cause blindness, has been identified in contact lens wearers in a new study. The research team found a threefold increase in Acanthamoeba keratitis since 2011 in South-East England....

 2018-09-21 12:29 

ScienceDaily.com

Pre-clinical success for a universal flu vaccine offers hope for third generation approach...

Researchers have demonstrated pre-clinical success for a universal flu vaccine in a new article....

 2018-09-21 00:32 

ScienceDaily.com

Overwhelming evidence shows hepatitis C treatment effective for people who inject drugs...

Researchers are calling on an end to discriminatory health and illicit drugs policies, based on overwhelming evidence that new hepatitis C therapies are effective at curing the virus in people who inject drugs....

 2018-09-21 00:32 

ScienceDaily.com

Land-based bird populations are at risk of local extinction...

A new report finds that land-based bird populations are becoming confined to nature reserves in some parts of the world -- raising the risk of global extinction -- due to the loss of suitable habitat....

 2018-09-20 21:52 

ScienceDaily.com

Octopuses given mood drug 'ecstasy' reveal genetic link to evolution of social behaviors in humans...

By studying the genome of a kind of octopus not known for its friendliness toward its peers, then testing its behavioral reaction to a popular mood-altering drug called MDMA or 'ecstasy,' scientists say they have found preliminary evidence of an e...

 2018-09-20 21:52 

ScienceDaily.com

Neutrons produce first direct 3-D maps of water during cell membrane fusion...

New 3-D maps of water distribution during cellular membrane fusion are accelerating scientific understanding of cell development, which could lead to new treatments for diseases associated with cell fusion....

 2018-09-20 21:52 

ScienceDaily.com

To improve auto coatings, new tests do more than scratch the surface...

Data from new suite of tests could eventually help your vehicle's exterior better defend itself against dings, dents, scratches and things that go bump on the highway....

 2018-09-20 21:51 

ScienceDaily.com

Synthetic organelle shows how tiny puddle-organs in our cells work...

Imagine your liver being just a big puddle. Some organelles in your cells are exactly that including prominent ones like the nucleolus. Now a synthetic organelle engineered in a lab shows how such puddle organs can carry out complex life-sustaining reacti...

 2018-09-20 20:10 

ScienceDaily.com

TINY cancer detection device proves effective in Uganda testing...

About half the size of a lunch box, the Tiny Isothermal Nucleic acid quantification sYstem (or TINY) has shown promise as a point-of-care detector of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) in resource-limited settings such as sub-Saharan Africa....

 2018-09-20 20:10 

ScienceDaily.com

Commitment to democratic values predict climate change concern, study finds...

In a new study comparing climate change attitudes across 36 countries, including the United States, commitment to democratic values is the strongest predictor of climate change concern globally....

 2018-09-20 20:10 

ScienceDaily.com

Smart pills dumb down medical care, experts warn...

Enthusiasm for an emerging digital health tool, the smart pill, is on the rise but researchers caution health care providers and policymakers to slow down when it comes to allowing this technology in patient care settings....

 2018-09-20 20:10 

ScienceDaily.com

Preventing a dengue outbreak at the 2020 Summer Olympics...

New controls and frameworks are recommended to detect dengue and other infectious diseases and help prevent their spread during the 2020 summer Olympics and Paralympics being held in Tokyo, researchers report....

 2018-09-20 20:10 

ScienceDaily.com

Human skeletal stem cells identified...

Human skeletal stem cells that become bone, cartilage, or stroma cells have been isolated from fetal and adult bones. This is the first time that skeletal stem cells, which had been observed in rodent models, have been identified in humans. The researcher...

 2018-09-20 20:10 

ScienceDaily.com

Kiwifruit duplicated its vitamin C genes twice, 50 million and 20 million years ago...

Today's kiwifruit contains about as much vitamin C as an orange -- the result of the kiwifruit's ancestors' spontaneously duplicating their DNA in two separate evolutionary events approximately 50-57 million and 18-20 million years ago....

 2018-09-20 20:10 

ScienceDaily.com

Gut fungus exacerbates asthma in antibiotic-treated mice...

A non-pathogenic fungus can expand in the intestines of antibiotic-treated mice and enhance the severity of allergic airways disease, according to a new study. The findings suggest that alterations in gut microbiota induced by intestinal fungi might be a ...

 2018-09-20 20:10 

ScienceDaily.com

We are bombarded by thousands of diverse species and chemicals...

Scientists have measured the human 'exposome,' or the particulates, chemicals and microbes that individually swaddle us all, in unprecedented detail....

 2018-09-20 20:10 

ScienceDaily.com

Gambling monkeys help scientists find brain area linked to high-risk behavior...

Monkeys who learned how to gamble have helped researchers pinpoint an area of the brain key to one's willingness to make risky decisions....

 2018-09-20 20:10 

ScienceDaily.com

Scientists grow human esophagus in lab...

Scientists working to bioengineer the entire human gastrointestinal system in a laboratory now report using pluripotent stem cells to grow human esophageal organoids. This is the first time scientists have been able to grow human esophageal tissue entirel...

 2018-09-20 20:10 

ScienceDaily.com

Drug overdose epidemic has been growing exponentially for decades...

Death rates from drug overdoses in the US have been on an exponential growth curve that began at least 15 years before the mid-1990s surge in opioid prescribing, suggesting that overdose death rates may continue along this same historical growth trajector...

 2018-09-20 20:10 

ScienceDaily.com

Novel biomarker found in ovarian cancer patients can predict response to therapy...

Researchers have identified an independent prognostic factor, cancer/testis antigen 45, that is associated with extended disease-free survival for women with advanced ovarian cancer. Patients with high levels of CT45 in their tumors lived more than seven ...

 2018-09-20 20:10 

ScienceDaily.com

Simulations enable 'choose-your-own-adventure' stereochemistry...

Stereochemistry is a science of reflection. Two chemical molecules with the same composition and structure, but with one as the mirror image of the other, can produce wildly varying effects. Controlling which molecule emerges from a given reaction is a cr...

 2018-09-20 20:10 

ScienceDaily.com

Gut sense: Neural superhighway conveys messages from gut to brain in milliseconds...

Searching for a more direct connection between the gut and the brain, researchers were shocked to see that distance spanned by a single synapse, relaying the signal in less than 100 milliseconds, less than the blink of an eye. The finding has profound imp...

 2018-09-20 20:09 

ScienceDaily.com

Plug-and-play technology automates chemical synthesis...

Researchers have developed an automated chemical synthesis machine that can take over many tedious aspects of chemical experimentation, freeing chemists to spend time on the more analytical and creative aspects of their work....

 2018-09-20 20:09 

ScienceDaily.com

Fat from 558 million years ago reveals earliest known animal...

Scientists have discovered molecules of fat in an ancient fossil to reveal the earliest confirmed animal in the geological record that lived on Earth 558 million years ago....

 2018-09-20 20:09 

ScienceDaily.com

What makes a mammal a mammal? Our spine, say scientists...

Mammals are unique in many ways. We're warm-blooded and agile in comparison with our reptilian relatives....

 2018-09-20 20:09 

ScienceDaily.com

A behavioral intervention for cancer patients that works...

This is a story about something rare in health psychology: a treatment that has gone from scientific discovery, through development and testing, to dissemination and successful implementation nationwide. In a new study, researchers found that a program de...

 2018-09-20 20:09 

ScienceDaily.com

A one-way street for salt...

Barely heard of a couple of years ago, quinoa today is common on European supermarket shelves. The hardy plant thrives even in saline soils. Researchers have now determined how the plant gets rid of the excess salt....

 2018-09-20 20:09 

ScienceDaily.com

Major breakthrough in controlling the 3D structure of molecules...

Scientists have made a major breakthrough in chemical synthesis that now makes it possible to quickly and reliably modify the 3D structure of molecules used in drug discovery. The new method allows scientists to employ cross-coupling reactions to generate...

 2018-09-20 20:09 

ScienceDaily.com

Astrophysicists measure precise rotation pattern of sun-like stars for the first time...

Scientists have measured the differential rotation on Sun-like stars for the first time, and their findings challenge current science on how stars rotate....

 2018-09-20 20:09 

ScienceDaily.com

Manganese plays a key role in bacterial infection...

The ability to acquire manganese during infection is essential for the virulence of Enterococcus faecalis in animals, according to a new study....

 2018-09-20 20:08 

ScienceDaily.com

A naturally occurring antibiotic active against drug-resistant tuberculosis...

Researchers have discovered that a naturally occurring antibiotic called kanglemycin A is effective against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacteria that cause tuberculosis, even in drug-resistant strains....

 2018-09-20 20:08 

ScienceDaily.com

NASA balloon mission captures electric blue clouds...

Scientists share mesmerizing new images of electric blue clouds from NASA's PMC Turbo balloon mission that flew in over the Arctic in July 2018....

 2018-09-20 20:08 

ScienceDaily.com

Investigational steroid mirrors prednisone's benefits while taming its side effects...

A head-to-head trial comparing the decades-old steroid, prednisone, and a promising new steroid, vamorolone, finds both act on the same key set of genetic pathways involved in controlling inflammation, indicates a new study. However, the study suggests th...

 2018-09-20 20:08 

ScienceDaily.com

Full, but still feasting: Mouse study reveals how urge to eat overpowers a signal to stop...

A new study explores the mystery of what drives eating past the point of fullness, at the most basic level in the brain. It shows that two tiny clusters of cells battle for control of feeding behavior -- and the one that drives eating overpowers the one t...

 2018-09-20 20:08 

ScienceDaily.com

Genomic dark matter activity connects Parkinson's and psychiatric diseases...

Using a new technique known as laser-capture RNA seq, that involves cutting out dopamine neurons from a human brain section with a laser, investigators have cataloged more than 70,000 novel elements active in these brain cells....

 2018-09-20 20:08 

ScienceDaily.com

Study documents poor mental and physical health in rural borderland community members...

A new study offers vivid picture of health consequences of life events and chronic strain among foreign-born Mexicans in farm working communities....

 2018-09-20 17:15 

ScienceDaily.com

Reducing false positives in credit card fraud detection...

Consumers' credit cards are declined surprisingly often in legitimate transactions. One cause is that fraud-detecting technologies used by a consumer's bank have incorrectly flagged the sale as suspicious. Now researchers have employed a new machi...

 2018-09-20 15:55 

ScienceDaily.com

Why do people share? It's contagious, six-year study of Hadza people shows...

In the modern world, people cooperate with other people including strangers all the time. We give blood, tip providers of various services, and donate to charity even though there is seemingly nothing in it for us. Now, researchers who've studied Hadz...

 2018-09-20 15:55 

ScienceDaily.com

How lactoferrin clamps down on free roaming iron ions to stop nefarious effects on cells...

What prevents our cells being damaged due to overexposure to iron ions is a protein called lactoferrin, known for its ability to bind tightly to such ions. Researchers used a combined experimental and molecular dynamics simulation to study the changes in ...

 2018-09-20 15:55 

ScienceDaily.com

Even the best healthcare facilities can do more to prevent infections...

Healthcare-associated infections can be reduced by up to 55 percent by systematically implementing evidence-based infection prevention and control strategies, according to a review of 144 studies. The study suggests that there is considerable room for imp...

 2018-09-20 15:55 

ScienceDaily.com

Hookworms employ live fast/die young strategy in fur seal pup hosts...

Hookworms exploit a live fast/die young strategy in their South American fur seal pup hosts. As a result, they often kill their host, rather than finding a happy equilibrium. Scientists are concerned that this type of hookworm infection could eventually p...

 2018-09-20 15:55 

ScienceDaily.com

Matter falling into a black hole at 30 percent of the speed of light...

Astronomers report the first detection of matter falling into a black hole at 30% of the speed of light, located in the center of the billion-light year distant galaxy PG211+143. The team used data from the European Space Agency's X-ray observatory XM...

 2018-09-20 15:55 

ScienceDaily.com

In depression the brain region for stress control is larger...

Although depression is one of the leading psychiatric disorders, its cause remains unclear. A recent study found that those affected by depressive disorder have a larger hypothalamus compared to their healthy counterparts. This could explain why many suff...

 2018-09-20 15:55 

ScienceDaily.com

Intestines modify their cellular structure in response to diet...

Body organs such as the intestine and ovaries undergo structural changes in response to dietary nutrients that can have lasting impacts on metabolism, as well as cancer susceptibility....

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